Action Plan

  • Step 1
    1. Schedule Baseline Testing before start of season
    2. Education of athletes, parents and coaches

  • Step 2
    If you suspect that a player has a concussion:
    1. Remove athlete from play
    2. Keep athlete out of play until properly evaluated
    3. Inform athlete's parents or guardians about the known or possible concussion, and when to seek immediate medical attention

  • Step 3
    Contact Dr. Irving Williams, II, CIC for evaluation and ImPACTâ„¢ testing within 24-72 hours.

  • Step 4
    Dr. Williams will determine when it is safe for the athlete to return to play, and provide a letter to allow athlete to return only at appropriate time.

What is a Concussion?

News 3 Article Brain 101: What's a Concussion, Anyway?

It's a serious brain injury, and it can seriously mess up your whole life. Spot the signs and symptoms and get back in the game. (View video)

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury, or TBI, caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that can change the way your brain normally works. Specifically, a concussion occurs when an impulse is sent to the brain, causing a complex metabolic chain of events.

In addition, what many people may not realize is that concussions can just as easily occur from a blow to the body, which causes the brain to move rapidly back and forth within the skull. A concussion is a functional injury to the brain, so structurally the brain appears normal on all imaging, including CT scans and MRIs.

A concussion can affect abilities at school and everyday life. Recovery is different for every person, thus recovery time cannot and should not be predetermined. Each athlete is individually injured.

Diagnosis of a concussion is determined through clinical examination. By definition, all imaging tests, such as CT scan and MRI, appear normal.

The main objective when someone sustains a concussion is to keep the exertion to the brain to a minimum. This will keep the gap of supply and demand to a minimum. This includes no physical exertion, no extreme visual stimulus, limited cognitive stress, and altered food and drink intake.

The prognosis for a concussion that is properly managed is good. However, if the concussion is not managed appropriately, the athlete may have lingering side effects for weeks to months to years!

Physical Symptoms (Body)

Cognitive Symptoms (Mind)

Emotional Symptoms (Feelings)

Maintenance Symptoms (Energy)



Irritability (Grumpy)

Fatigue (Body is Tired)


Feeling "Slowed Down"


Drowsy (Mind is Tired)


Trouble Concentrating

More Emotional than Usual

Sleeping Less than Usual

Balance Problems

Troubles with Memory

Nervous or Anxious

Sleeping More than Usual


Change in Smell


Trouble Falling or Staying Asleep

Sensitivity to Light

Change in Taste


Change in Appetite

Sensitivity to Noise

Ringing in the Ear


Change in Energy Levels

Visual Problems




Numbness or Tingling




Neck Pain